The main function of acupuncture is to regulate the circulation of qi (vital energy) and blood. Approximately 2,000 years ago, the pre-eminent acupuncture text, Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor’s Classic on Internal Medicine), was describing acupuncture as a means of letting out excess qi or blood by making "holes" in the body along certain pathways, called jingluo (meridians). For some of these meridians, it was advised to acupuncture in such a way as to let out the blood but not the qi; for others, to let out the qi, but not the blood. Many diseases were thought to enter the body through the skin, and then penetrate inward through muscle, internal organs, and, if not cured in timely fashion, to the marrow of the bone. By inserting a needle to the appropriate depth—to correspond with the degree of disease penetration - the disease could be let out.


In a blocked stream, just cutting a small hole or crevice in the blockage will often clear the entire stream path, because the force of the water that penetrates the hole will widen it continuously until the normal course is restored. In the human body, inserting a small needle into the blocked meridian will have a similar effect. Just as a stream may have certain points more easily accessed (or more easily blocked), the meridians have certain points which, if treated by needling, will have a significant impact on the flow pattern. Many acupuncture points are named for geological structures: mountains, streams, ponds, and oceans.












Many layers of sophistication have been added to this basic model, so that the needling - which might be carried out in several different ways - can be seen to have subtle and differing effects depending upon the site(s) needled, the depth and direction of needling, and even the chemical composition of the needle (such as gold, silver, or steel). Among the numerous existing styles of acupuncture I currently practice the following:

Primary meridians acupuncture

Extraordinary meridians acupuncture

Luo meridians acupuncture

Sinew meridian acupuncture

Five elements acupuncture

Auricular therapy

Korean Sujok acupuncture

Pediatric Shonishin

Ultimately, all these styles that are based on the classical model involving rectifying a disturbance in the flow of qi. If the qi circulation is corrected, the body can eliminate most symptoms and eventually - with proper diet and exercise - overcome virtually many diseases.